The Age Discrimination Act makes it unlawful to discriminate against children and young people based on their age in many areas of public life including employment. There are some exemptions covering, for example, youth wages and compliance with industrial agreements and awards.
Example: as a person must be 18 to work in a bar, it would not be discrimination if a bar owner refused to employ a person to serve alcohol because they are under 18.
The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 makes it against the law for employers to discriminate directly against a person because of their responsibilities to care for a family member, including a child or grandchild. There are some limited exceptions and exemptions.
Example: It could be discrimination if an employer does not permit a worker to take a short break in her workday to pick up her kids at 3.30pm and return to work, while continuing full-time work, but instead forces her into part-time work.
Employers can support workers with kids by providing flexible work arrangements.